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Fractionation of antioxidants from autohydrolysis of barley husks

Fractionation of antioxidants from autohydrolysis of barley husks

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 56(22): 10651-10659

ISSN/ISBN: 0021-8561

PMID: 18959408

DOI: 10.1021/jf801710a

The liquid phase from nonisothermal autohydrolysis of barley husks was extracted with ethyl acetate and redissolved in ethanol to yield a crude extract (denoted BHEAE), which was subjected to further processing to enhance the antioxidant activity. A fractionation method, carried out for characterization purposes, consisted of the extraction of BHEAE with organic solvents of increasing polarity and further fractionation in Sephadex LH-20. Among the tested solvents, ethyl acetate allowed the highest yield, phenolic content, and antioxidant activity. Upon elution with methanol, products with high DPPH radical scavenging capacity (IC50 = 0.22 g/L) were obtained. The major compounds in the isolate were benzoic and cinnamic acids. Adsorption-desorption in commercial polymeric resins was carried out as an alternative strategy for BHEAE refining. This method is more suited for possible scale-up and provided a concentrate with a Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity of 9 mM, which was obtained at a yield of 18 g/kg of barley husks.

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Accession: 031496393

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