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Genomic characterization of Arcanobacterium pyogenes isolates recovered from the uterus of dairy cows with normal puerperium or clinical metritis

Genomic characterization of Arcanobacterium pyogenes isolates recovered from the uterus of dairy cows with normal puerperium or clinical metritis

Veterinary Microbiology 132(1-2): 111-118

Arcanobacterium pyogenes is considered to be the most relevant bacterium involved in the establishment of puerperal uterine infection in cattle due to its persistence in utero, resistance to treatment and synergic action with Gram negative anaerobes. Once the infection is established, A. pyogenes is responsible for the persistence of the infection. The objective of this study was to characterize A. pyogenes field isolates recovered from the uterus of cows with either normal puerperium or clinical metritis, in an attempt to identify factors that might be associated with the establishment and persistence of the disease. This characterization was based on BOX-PCR typing and on screening of eight virulence factor genes (plo, nanP, nanH, cbpA, fimA, fimC, fimE, fimG) by conventional PCR. Finally, a relationship between clonal types, virulence factors and presence of disease was investigated. A. pyogenes clonal types identified from isolates recovered from the uterus of postpartum dairy cows differed among herds. Although some clonal types were strictly associated with the development of clinical metritis, others were identified from isolates recovered from normal puerperium and clinical metritis cows. Moreover, the presence of the eight virulence factor genes was not related with the ability to induce clinical metritis, suggesting that the type of A. pyogenes may not be a determinant factor in the development of the disease. We suggest that host intrinsic factors, the synergism between A. pyogenes and other bacteria and the differential gene expression of virulence factor genes may play a more relevant role in the establishment of puerperal uterine infections.

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Accession: 031578568

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PMID: 18547748

DOI: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2008.04.033

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