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Influence of soybean and corn gluten proteins as substitutes for milk protein in milk replacers on growth, liver and thyroid functions in buffalo calves



Influence of soybean and corn gluten proteins as substitutes for milk protein in milk replacers on growth, liver and thyroid functions in buffalo calves



Egyptian Journal of Animal Production 27(2): 123-133, 1990



Twenty buffalo calves (3 weeks old) were allotted to four nutritional groups : ontrol group, fed 100 skim milk-based replacer (Group A); and in the other three groups 50% of milk protein was substituted by American soybean flour (Group B), Egyptian soybean meal (Group C) and corn gluten (Group D). Fat was added to all replacers at the rate of 20% on day basis. Calf starter and hay were offered ad libitum with the liquid diets from the fourth week. Body weight was recorded weekly, Serum proteins, cholesterol, T-4, T-3 and GOT, GPT and alkaline phosphatase activities were determined at 6, 9, and 12 weeks of age. The use of American soybean and corn gluten proteins resulted, approximately, in the same body weight gain as in the skim milk fed-group, indicating that whole milk can be reserved for human consumption and the calves can be reared on milk replacers containing plant proteins. Substitution of milk protein with soybean and corn gluten protein significantly (P lt 0.01) increased serum A/G ratio and cholesterol, and significantly (P lt 0.05) decreased serum total proteins, serum globulins and GPT activity. Growth and thyroid function were not affected by substituting milk protein with soybean and corn gluten proteins.

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Accession: 031932019

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