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Intragastric nitrosation of nicotine is not a significant contributor to nitrosamine exposure

Intragastric nitrosation of nicotine is not a significant contributor to nitrosamine exposure

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 686: 213-27; Discussion 227-8

To determine the potential for intragastric nicotine nitrosation, we carried out a kinetic study of the reaction of nicotine with nitrous acid in aqueous solution. The reaction of nicotine with nitrous acid resulted in the formation of three products, NNA, NNN, and NNK. The three parallel reactions were first order of 10-6 L/mol/s. The optimum pH range for formation of NNA, NNN, and NNK was 2.4 to 3.1. Thiocyanate (100 mM) slightly increased the rate of formation of NNN and NNK but tripled the rate of formation of NNA at pH 3.5 at 37 degrees C. We have also studied the nitrosation of pseudooxynicotine, a bacterial and fungal metabolite of nicotine. This secondary amine nitrosated rapidly to produce NNK. Our proposed mechanism for the conversion of nicotine to NNK includes nine kinetically distinct steps and is in agreement with our experimental results. The rate limiting step involves the formation of nicotine-1',2'-iminium ion. This ion hydrolyzes to form pseudooxynicotine which undergoes rapid, irreversible nitrosation to NNK. Given the very slow rate of nicotine nitrosation, it is unlikely that nicotine itself contributes to exposure to nitroso compounds due to chemically mediated intragastric nitrosation.

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Accession: 032015074

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8512249

DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1993.tb39178.x

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