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Oesophageal stent insertion for palliation of dysphagia in a District General Hospital: experience from a case series of 137 patients

Oesophageal stent insertion for palliation of dysphagia in a District General Hospital: experience from a case series of 137 patients

Qjm 101(7): 545-548

Endoscopic oesophageal stent insertion is a widely used procedure to alleviate dysphagia caused by malignant strictures of the oesophagus and gastric cardia. It can, however, be associated with significant complications, mortality and morbidity. This retrospective case note study was undertaken to assess success rates, complications and mortality of oesophageal stenting when undertaken in a UK District General Hospital (DGH) setting. Patients who underwent oesophageal stenting for malignant disease from January 2000 to January 2006 were included. Of the 137 patients studied, oesophageal adenocarcinoma was present in 57% of patients, squamous cell oesophageal carcinoma in 37% and gastric adenocarcinoma in 6%. Indications for stent insertion were: presence of non-resectable tumours (65%), co-morbidities that contraindicated surgery (25%), refusal by patients for surgery for potentially resectable disease (6%) and a need for enhanced oral nutrition prior to surgery (4%). Prior to stenting 86.4% of patients suffered from advanced dysphagia. A significant improvement in symptoms was seen in 94% of patients. Discharge from hospital was within 48 h in 45% of cases. Chest pain was experienced by 13.9% of patients and serious acute stent-related complications (perforation or bleeding) occurred in 5.8% of patients. Overall 41.6% of patients had at least one complication. Mortality was 4.4% at 7 days and 24.8% at 30 days. Oesophageal stent insertion proved to be an effective palliation of dysphagia in group studied. It is a relatively safe procedure with a low rate of serious acute complications (5.8%) and can be done as a short stay in many patients.

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Accession: 032619894

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 18443004

DOI: 10.1093/qjmed/hcn045

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