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Peptide mimicrying between SARS coronavirus spike protein and human proteins reacts with SARS patient serum



Peptide mimicrying between SARS coronavirus spike protein and human proteins reacts with SARS patient serum



Journal of Biomedicine & Biotechnology 2008: 326464-326464



Molecular mimicry, defined as similar structures shared by molecules from dissimilar genes or proteins, is a general strategy used by pathogens to infect host cells. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a new human respiratory infectious disease caused by SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV). The spike (S) protein of SARS-CoV plays an important role in the virus entry into a cell. In this study, eleven synthetic peptides from the S protein were selected based on its sequence homology with human proteins. Two of the peptides D07 (residues 927-937) and D08 (residues 942-951) were recognized by the sera of SARS patients. Murine hyperimmune sera against these peptides bound to proteins of human lung epithelial cells A549. Another peptide D10 (residues 490-502) stimulated A549 to proliferate and secrete IL-8. The present results suggest that the selected S protein regions, which share sequence homology with human proteins, may play important roles in SARS-CoV infection. Copyright (C) 2008 K.-Y. Hwa et al.

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Accession: 032749161

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PMID: 18320019

DOI: 10.1155/2008/326464


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