Plasma N-terminal B-Type natriuretic peptide as an indicator of long-term survival after acute myocardial infarction: comparison with plasma midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide: the LAMP (Leicester Acute Myocardial Infarction Peptide) study

Khan, S.Q.; Dhillon, O.; Kelly, D.; Squire, I.B.; Struck, J.; Quinn, P.; Morgenthaler, N.G.; Bergmann, A.; Davies, J.E.; Ng, L.L.

Journal of the American College of Cardiology 51(19): 1857-1864


ISSN/ISBN: 1558-3597
PMID: 18466800
DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2008.01.041
Accession: 032837656

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Our aim was to assess the prognostic value of midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Multimarker strategies may assist risk stratification after AMI. Midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide is a newly described stable fragment of N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic peptide. We compared the prognostic value of MR-proANP and an established marker, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), after AMI. We recruited 983 consecutive post-AMI patients (720 men, median age 65 [range 24 to 95] years) in a prospective study with follow-up over 343 (range 0 to 764) days. Plasma MR-proANP was raised in patients who died (n = 101) compared with that seen in survivors (median 310 [range 48 to 1,150] pmol/l vs. 108 [range 4.9 to 1,210] pmol/l, p < 0.0001). Using Cox modeling, log(10)MR-proANP (hazard ratio 3.87) and log(10)NT-proBNP (hazard ratio 3.25) were significant independent predictors of death. In patients stratified by NT-proBNP in the highest quartile (> approximately 5,900 pmol/l), MR-proANP in the top quartile ( approximately 330 pmol/l) was associated with poorer outcome (p < 0.0001). Findings were similar for heart failure as an individual end point. However, neither marker predicted recurrent AMI. The A- and B-type natriuretic systems are activated after AMI. Midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide is a powerful predictor of adverse outcome, especially in those with an elevated NT-proBNP. Midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide may represent a clinically useful marker of prognosis after an AMI as part of a multimarker strategy targeting the natriuretic neurohormonal pathway.