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Slow and steady often ties the race Effects of item-specific and relational processing on cumulative recall

Slow and steady often ties the race Effects of item-specific and relational processing on cumulative recall

Journal of Experimental Psychology Learning Memory & Cognition 24(4): 1041-1051, July

Analysis of cumulative recall curves originally led to the conclusion that asymptotic recall is inversely related to the rate of approaching asymptote. This finding suggests that recall differences between conditions on a short test would continue to exist with longer tests. However, this assumption is not always correct. In Experiments 1 and 2, orienting tasks promoting relational processing produced an initial recall advantage over item-specific processing tasks, but the advantage diminished by the end of the recall period. In Experiment 3, item-specific tasks produced a recall advantage over the relational processing task, but this advantage was manifested only after several minutes of recall. Experiments 4 and 5 extended these results. It was suggested that the results of a single recall test can be misleading when conditions differ in the amount of relational and/or item-specific information encoded.

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Accession: 033411997

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.24.4.1041

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