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Spatial and temporal features of recurrent facilitation among motoneurons innervating synergistic muscles of the cat



Spatial and temporal features of recurrent facilitation among motoneurons innervating synergistic muscles of the cat



Journal of Neurophysiology 72(1): 227-234



1. The temporal features and strength of recurrent facilitatory potentials were examined in pairs of lumbosacral motoneurons that were separated by a known distance and were identified by antidromic stimulation of muscle nerves. One motoneuron was stimulated by injecting depolarizing current pulses, and responses were recorded in the second motoneuron. The distance between motoneurons in pairs was also measured to assess the spatial distribution in strength of recurrent facilitation in motor pools. All motoneurons in these pairs innervated muscles that act as hip or ankle extensors. 2. Recurrent facilitatory potentials were found frequently among motoneurons innervating the hindlimb extensor muscles examined. Several categories of recurrent facilitatory responses were identified. One category was composed of facilitation responses that followed an inhibition response. A second category was composed of facilitation responses that were not preceded by a significant inhibition and consisted of a monophasic response. There was a considerable range of latencies in this category. 3. Responses in which recurrent facilitatory potentials were preceded by recurrent inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (RIPSPs) among close motoneuron pairs demonstrated an inverse correlation between the durations of the facilitatory and the inhibitory phases. In addition, the duration of inhibition responses without facilitation was longer on average, than the duration of inhibitory responses that were followed by facilitation. It was suggested that recurrent facilitation may restrict the time course of RIPSPs. 4. In contrast to the topographic distribution of RIPSPs described in the previous report, amplitudes of monophasic facilitations were directly correlated with the distance separating motoneurons in pairs, rather than inversely correlated as was the case for RIPSP amplitudes.

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Accession: 033446708

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PMID: 7965007



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