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Synanthropy of calliphoridae in pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil



Synanthropy of calliphoridae in pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil



Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinaria 7(2): 141-147



To determine the Synanthropic Index of Calliphoridae species occurring in the Municipality of Pelotas, RS, Brazil, six Wind Oriented Traps (W.O.T.) were placed in three distinct ecological areas: urban, rural e uncultivated, according to NUORTEVA (1963). At each site two traps were placed: one with decayed cattle liver and the other one with decayed chicken viscera, from February, 1993 to January, 1995. Thirteen calliphorid species were caught and classified in three groups, according to mean occurrence frequency at different ecological areas, i. e., species with preference of urban areas, L. cuprina, C. megacephala, L. sericata and C. vicina, species with independence of urban areas, S. chlorogaster, L. eximia, H. semidiaphana, C. lopesi, C. albiceps, C. putoria, C. macellaria and C. hominivorax and only one specie adapted to uncultivated areas, P. xanthogeneiates. Most of the species prefer an antropobiocenosis or agrobiocenosis. L. cuprina presented the highest degree of synanthropy (S. I.= +79,10) and P. xanthogeneiates was the only non-synanthropic species (S. I.=-84.65). Among the eussinanthropic species, C. megacephala presented the highest populational density.

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