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The digestibility by pigs of dry matter energy protein and amino acids in wheat triticum vulgare cultivars 2 15 cultivars grown in 2 years compared with bonanza and fergus barleys hordeum vulgare and 3cw grade hard red spring wheat



The digestibility by pigs of dry matter energy protein and amino acids in wheat triticum vulgare cultivars 2 15 cultivars grown in 2 years compared with bonanza and fergus barleys hordeum vulgare and 3cw grade hard red spring wheat



Canadian Journal of Plant Science 393-406



Fifteen wheat cultivars (T. vulgare L.) and 2 barley cultivars (H. vulgare L.), some grown in 2 or 3 different years, were evaluated in 2 digestion trials with pigs of 40 kg initial weight. Some samples had frost damage. Each cultivar was measured for bulk weight (kilogram per hectoliter), weight in g/1000 kernels, kernel plumpness and percent germination. The grains and feces were analyzed for gross energy, crude protein and amino acids. The diets comprised 95.7% ground grain, 0.5% chromic oxide, and mineral and vitamin supplements. Crude protein (N .times. 6.25) ranged from 11.1-19.7%. In terms of digestibility of energy, digestibility of protein, content of digestible crude protein (DCP), available lysine and digestible energy (DE), the wheat cultivars Inia-66 and Neepawa ranked highest, followed by Norquay, then Glenlea, Pitic-62 and PFW606A. Within cultivar, year-year differences were observed as well as some effects of frost damage. Cultivar differences in DE were found but DCP and available lysine were identified as the most important nutritional criteria for wheat to be used as the major grain in the animal diet. Environmental conditions affecting crop growth and seed maturity may be as important as genetic differences between cultivars in regard to nutritional quality evaluations as measured in these trials.

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The digestibility by pigs of dry matter energy protein and amino acids in wheat triticum vulgare cultivars 2. 15 cultivars grown in 2 years compared with bonanza and fergus barleys hordeum vulgare and 3cw grade hard red spring wheat. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 63(2): 393-406, 1983

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