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The effect of test chart design and human factors on visual performance with night vision goggles



The effect of test chart design and human factors on visual performance with night vision goggles



Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 65(12): 1077-1081



In an effort to increase flight safety, it is imperative to learn as much as possible about the man-goggle interrelationship. This study was undertaken to see if type of goggle or other covariates might affect visual acuity (VA). We tested the VA of 103 aircrew with both the AN/PVS-5 and Aviator's Night Vision Imaging System (ANVIS) goggles using a Snellen vision testing chart and the new Night Vision Goggle (NVG) Resolution (Grid Type) Chart. Average VA's using ANVIS (Snellen = 20/38, Grid = 20/45) were significantly better (p < 0.01) than VA's using AN/PVS-5 (Snellen = 20/54, Grid = 20/58). Snellen VA's were better on average than Grid VA's (p < 0.001). Neither age, gender, nor NVG experience affected average VA at the 0.05 level. Average VA was significantly better (p < 0.05) for non-spectacle wearers using ANVIS goggles and for non-smokers using AN/PVS-5 goggles. Visual acuity is better with ANVIS than with AN/PVS-5 goggles, and may be affected somewhat by wearing spectacles, and by smoking.

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Accession: 033785180

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PMID: 7872906



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