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The relation between upper respiratory tract infection and mild hypoxemia during general anesthesia in children



The relation between upper respiratory tract infection and mild hypoxemia during general anesthesia in children



Masui. Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology 41(2): 251-254



Anesthesiologists often face the problem of a child with symptoms of an acute upper respiratory infection (URI) presenting for surgery. Anesthesia in the presence of uncomplicated URI may not be contraindicated. However, we experienced three cases of such children in which lung atelectasis developed after the induction of general anesthesia. Because continuous monitoring of arterial oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry (SpO2) was useful for detecting mild hypoxemia in these patients, we retrospectively examined the possible association between URI symptoms and SpO2 in 63 children. Patients with symptoms of URI showed a significantly high incidence of decreased SpO2 to below 95% for 5 minutes. Our results suggest that, with URI symptoms even uncomplicated, symptomatic patients have increased risks for the development of mild hypoxemia during anesthesia.

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Accession: 033911281

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PMID: 1552665


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