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Twenty-five years investigation on winter wheat resistance in international and thirty years in National nursery of stem rust



Twenty-five years investigation on winter wheat resistance in international and thirty years in National nursery of stem rust



Zastita Bilja 44(4): 263-269



From 1963 to 1987 in Yugoslavia was cultivated International winter wheat stem rust nursery (IWWSRN). Coordinators of this program were Kilpatrick and Moseman (ARS-USDA, Beltsville). In that period there has been studied resistance of many of wheat genotypes of various origin and genetic composition, against Puccinia graminis Pers. f. sp. tritici Erikss. et Henn. Many of them have shown a high degree of resistance in our agroecological conditions. The best sown were selected and included in our bank of resistance genes. From 1964 to 1993 we have continually worked with National wheat stem rust nursery (NWWSRN). This nursery was established by Kostic, B. in 1964, and from 1974 its coordinator became Stojanovic, S. The NWWSRN has been sown every year in 10-15 localities in Serbia. The genotypes proved to be the most resistant in a long period of time, have been used in our domestic breeding program. IWWSRN and NWWSRN have remarkably contributed to the success of developing of new wheat cultivars in Yugoslavia. Some of new cultivars, in addition to many positive characters distinguish with high resistance against stem rust too (Jugoslavia, Balkan, Macvanka 2, Pomoravka, Zvezda, Iskra, Kozara, Nera, Studenica, Lepenica, Srbijanka, Panoramka, Zemunka).

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