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Two centuries of a mining landscape; archaeological survey and watching brief at Goyts Moss Colliery and Axe Edge Moor, High Peak, Derbyshire

Two centuries of a mining landscape; archaeological survey and watching brief at Goyts Moss Colliery and Axe Edge Moor, High Peak, Derbyshire

British Mining 71: 82-97

ARCUS (Archaeological Research and Consultancy at the University of Sheffield) was commissioned by IMC Consulting Engineers Ltd to undertake an archaeological survey and watching brief at Goyt's Moss and Axe Edge Moor, near Buxton, Derbyshire. The investigation took place prior to, and during, remedial works on a number of mine shafts on part of the site of the former Goyt's Moss Colliery, which had become a potential hazard to land users. Coal is thought to have been worked on Goyt's Moss from the 17th century onwards. The majority of shafts recorded were associated with earthwork remains of horse-drawn winding engines, probably 18th or 19th century in date. Coal mining at Goyt's Moss has impacted directly on the landscape and people of the region. The primary use of the coal was for limeburning, and as the lime was used for construction, so the mining had an important and direct role not only in the establishment of Buxton as a major centre of limestone extraction and the limeburning industry, but also in the physical construction of the town during this period.

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Accession: 034096356

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