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Ultraviolet-induced androgenesis in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus , and hybrid Nile x blue tilapia, O aureus



Ultraviolet-induced androgenesis in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus , and hybrid Nile x blue tilapia, O aureus



Aquaculture Research 29(5): 359-366



Fertilization of ultraviolet (UV) irradiated oocytes of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.), with sperm from O. niloticus or blue tilapia, O. aureus (Steindachner), and subsequent suppression of the first cleavage of fertilized eggs successfully induced androgenesis in Nile and blue tilapia. The optimal doses of UV irradiation to denucleate a female genome of Nile tilapia prior to androgenesis ranged from 5940 to 6930 erg mm-2 for 54-63 s at a fixed intensity of 110 erg mm-2 s-1. Putative androgenetic fish were created from eggs which were irradiated at various times and several durations of heat-shock. Eggs which were treated for 5 min at 41.6degreeC at 2 7.5 min after fertilization were the most successful at suppressing the first cleavage and producing viable androgenetic diploids in Nile or hybrid Nile X blue tilapia. The maximal survivals of putative androgenetic diploids in relation to the control were 1.60% and 0.90% in Nile and hybrid Nile X blue tilapia, respectively. The androgenetic offspring established exhibited active feeding and normal growth.

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Accession: 034122012

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