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A compound heterozygote for a novel missense mutation in exon 3 and a missense mutation in exon 5 of the lipoprotein lipase gene in a Japanese infant with hyperchylomicronaemia



A compound heterozygote for a novel missense mutation in exon 3 and a missense mutation in exon 5 of the lipoprotein lipase gene in a Japanese infant with hyperchylomicronaemia



Clinical Science 99(6): 569-578



We systematically investigated the molecular defects resulting in primary lipoprotein lipase (LPL) deficiency in a Japanese male infant (hereafter called 'the patient') with severe fasting hypertriglyceridaemia (type I hyperlipoproteinaemia). The primary LPL deficiency was diagnosed on the basis of the findings that no LPL activity was detected in post-heparin plasma (PHP) and that the immunoreactive LPL mass in PHP was less than 2% of the control level. The patient was a compound heterozygote for a novel missense mutation (G568GA fwdarw AGA/Gly105 fwdarw Arg; G105R) in exon 3 and a missense mutation (GAC867 fwdarw GAG/Asp204fwdarwGlu; D204E) in exon 5 of the LPL gene. The biological significance of both missense mutations was examined by an in vitro study of the expression of the mutant G105R LPL cDNA and D204E LPL cDNA in COS-1 cells. Both mutant LPLs were catalytically inactive and were barely released by heparin from the expressing COS-1 cells. These findings explain the failure to detect LPL activity and immunoreactive LPL mass in the patient's PHP. The G105R allele could be detected by digestion with the BsmA1 restriction enzyme, and the D204E allele by digestion with Hincll. The patient inherited the G105R allele from his mother and the D204E allele from his father. His parents were heterozygotes for the corresponding mutant allele, but normolipidaemic. The novel G105R missense mutation could not be detected by conventional analysis of single-strand conformation polymorphism, but it was identified by extensive sequencing of the entire exons and their flanking regions in the LPL gene.

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