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Cholinergic activation of glucose transport in bovine chromaffin cells involves calmodulin and protein kinase Czeta signaling



Cholinergic activation of glucose transport in bovine chromaffin cells involves calmodulin and protein kinase Czeta signaling



Annals of the new York Academy of Sciences 971: 117-126



The aim of the present study was to delineate possible signaling pathways involved in acetylcholine (Ach)-induced glucose transport in chromaffin cells, a widely applied model system for sympathetic neurons. Acute Ach stimulation (10 min) enhanced the rate of glucose transport through activation of both nicotinic and muscarinic receptors. The calmodulin antagonist, W13, and the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, staurosporine, each partially depressed Ach-induced glucose transport, with staurosporine exhibiting the stronger inhibitory effect. Pretreating the cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) to downregulate PKC activity did not affect the nicotine-induced glucose transport, but completely attenuated that activated by muscarine, suggesting that Ach activation of transport involved both diacylglycerol-independent (PKCzeta) and diacylglycerol-dependent PKCs (PKCalpha/PKCepsilon). The PI 3-kinase inhibitor, wortmannin, diminished the Ach response, consistent with activation of the PKCs by the upstream PI 3-kinase-dependent phosphoinositide-dependent kinase, PDK1. Cholinergic activation strongly activated the ERK1/ERK2 cascade and p38 MAP kinase, but only p38 MAP kinase appeared to play a role, however minor, in nicotine-induced glucose uptake. The results are consistent with PKCs being more important than calmodulin in coupling cholinergic activation to glucose transport in chromaffin cells, but additional, yet unidentified, signaling pathways appear to be needed to obtain full activation of glucose transport in response to Ach.

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Accession: 034574797

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PMID: 12438101


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