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Cuticular Analysis A method to distinguish the leaves of Pinus sylvestris L from those of Pinus mugo Turra s str



Cuticular Analysis A method to distinguish the leaves of Pinus sylvestris L from those of Pinus mugo Turra s str



Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 11(3): 241-246



Fragments of leaf needles from the early Holocene were found in peat sediments of the Adrspasskoteplicke skaly nature reserve in northeast Bohemia. These remains were identified from macroscopic characters as belonging to Pinus sp. (pine), and they were identified to species level by cuticular analysis. This identification method uses the number and shape of subsidiary stomatal cells and has been verified by comparison of both fossil and modern material. Taxonomic characters have been discovered which distinguish the leaves of Pinus sylvestris (Scots Pine) from those of P. mugo s.str. (Dwarf Mountain-pine) on the basis of stomatal density, crypt morphology and length of the crypt. This method is helpful in palaeobotany and archaeobotany for identifying most such leaf remains.

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Related references

Cuticular analysis - a method to distinguish the leaves of Pinus sylvestris L. (Scots Pine) from those of Pinus mugo s. str. (Dwarf Mountain-pine). Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 11(3): 241-246, 2002

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