EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
The pigeon tick (Argas reflexus): its biology, ecology, and epidemiological aspects
Prevalence of hemoglobin abnormalities in Kebili (Tunisian South)
Lipogranuloma: a preventable complication of dacryocystorhinostomy
Value of basal plasma cortisol assays in the assessment of pituitary-adrenal insufficiency
Bees from the Belgian Congo. The acraensis group of Anthophora
Placing gingival retraction cord
Total serum IgE, allergy skin testing, and the radioallergosorbent test for the diagnosis of allergy in asthmatic children
Acariens plumicoles Analgesoidea parasites des oiseaux du Maroc
Injuries of terminal phalanges of the fingers in children
Biology of flowering and nectar production in pear (Pyrus communis)
Das Reliktvorkommen der Aspisviper (Vipera aspis L.) im Schwarzwald
Hydrological modelling of drained blanket peatland
Pathologic morphology and clinical significance of the anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery from the right coronary artery. General review and autopsy analysis of 30 cases
Cyto genetic analyses of lymphocyte cultures after exposure to calcium cyclamate
Axelrodia riesei, a new characoid fish from Upper Rio Meta in Colombia With remarks concerning the genus Axelrodia and description of a similar, sympatric, Hyphessobrycon-species
Favorable evolution of a case of tuberculosis of pancreas under antibiotic action
RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, Valencene, CAS Registry Number 4630-07-3
Parenteral microemulsions: an overview
Temperate pasture: management for grazing and conservation
Evaluation of a new coprocessed compound based on lactose and maize starch for tablet formulation
Thermal expansion and cracking of three confined water-saturated igneous rocks to 800C
Revision of the genera of the tribe Stigmoderini (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) a discussion of phylogenetic relationships
Anal tuberculosis. Report of a case
Gastric tuberculosis in the past and present
Adaptive responses of the cardiovascular system to prolonged spaceflight conditions: assessment with Holter monitoring

Cyanogen fumigants and methods of fumigation using cyanogen


Cyanogen fumigants and methods of fumigation using cyanogen



Official Gazette of the United States Patent and Trademark Office Patents 1229(2)



ISSN/ISBN: 0098-1133

A fumigant, comprising cyanogen (C2 N2) provides a viable alternative to conventional fumigants such as methyl bromide, phosphine and carbonyl sulphide. Cyanogen (C2 N2) can be used as such a fumigant in the control of a range of biota, including insects, mites, nematodes, fungi and their spores, viruses, spiders, bacteria, molds and rodents. It is also suitable for use on a variety of commodities, including grain, seeds, meats, fruit, vegetables, timber, plants, cut flowers and soil. It is shown that an efficacious concentration of cyanogen (C2 N2) as a fumigant leaves a very low residue and can be readily flushed from commodities. In particular, it has been observed that a mixture of (C2 N2) and carbon dioxide have a synergistic effect when applied to various biota. The term "cyanogen" is defined as the gas (as STP) cyanogen, (C2 N2), essentially free from hydrogen cyanide and other cyanogenic compounds, (that is, compounds that give rise to hydrogen cyanide). Cyanogen, which has also been termed dicyan and oxalonitrile, as a fumigant, may be shown as (CN2)2, C2 N2, or NC--CN.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 034670486

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Fumigation with cyanogen products Report of experiments conducted with cyanogen products used in the fumigation of vessels for quarantine purposes at the New York Quarantine Station, Rosebank, Staten Island, N Y. Public Health Reports (1896-1970) 43(41): 2647, 1928

The force fields of cyanogen halides. III. Cyanogen bromide and cyanogen iodine. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular Spectroscopy 34(12): 1183-1192, 1978

Quantification of aqueous cyanogen chloride and cyanogen bromide in environmental samples by MIMS. Water Research 39(9): 1709-1718, 2005

Direct l-doublet transitions in the 011O state of cyanogen chloride and cyanogen bromide. Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy 101(1): 94-103, 1983

Determination of cyanogen and cyanogen chloride using gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector. Chromatographia 21(3): 161-164, 1986

Determination of cyanogen and cyanogen chloride using gas chromatography with a flame ionisation detector. Chromatographia (Wiesbaden) 21(3): 161-164, 1986

Flow tube studies of reactions of cyanogen with ions selected from cyanogen. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry and Ion Processes 63(2-3): 217-229, 1985

A rapid and simple analytical method for cyanogen chloride and cyanogen bromide in drinking water. Water Research 27(3): 507-511, 1993

The HeI photoelectron spectra of the isoelectronic molecules, cyanogen azide, NCN3, and cyanogen isocyanate, NCNCO. Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 11(2): 147-156, 1977

Binding of proteins to polysaccharides by means of cyanogen halides. Studies on cyanogen bromide treated Sephadex. Acta Chemica Scandinavica 25(7): 2711-2716, 1971

The force fields of cyanogen halides. II. Cyanogen chloride. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular Spectroscopy 34(12): 1173-1181, 1978

The force fields of cyanogen halides. I. Cyanogen fluoride. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular Spectroscopy 34(12): 1165-1171, 1978

Simultaneous determination of cyanogen chloride and cyanogen bromide in treated water at sub-μg/L levels by a new solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-electron-capture detection method. Journal of Chromatography 897(1-2): 307-315, 2000

Simultaneous determination of cyanogen chloride and cyanogen bromide in treated water at sub-mug/L levels by a new solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-electron-capture detection method. Journal of Chromatography A 897(1-2): 307-315, 2000

Simultaneous determination of cyanogen chloride and cyanogen bromide in treated water at sub-microg/L levels by a new solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-electron-capture detection method. Journal of Chromatography A 897(1-2): 307-315, 2000