Functional domains and expression of truncated atrial natriuretic peptide receptor-A: the carboxyl-terminal regions direct the receptor internalization and sequestration in COS-7 cells
Pandey, K.N.; Kumar, R.; Li, M.; Nguyen, H.
Molecular Pharmacology 57(2): 259-267
ISSN/ISBN: 0026-895X PMID: 10648635 Accession: 034959846
The objective of this study was to determine the role of cytoplasmic (protein kinase-like homology and guanylyl cyclase catalytic) domains of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) receptor-A (Npra) in postbinding events and metabolic turnover of ligand-receptor complexes. Using deletion mutagenesis, the specific regions in the intracellular domains of Npra relevant to the receptor function, namely ligand-binding, cGMP production, and internalization and sequestration of ligand-receptor complexes, have been determined in transiently expressing COS-7 cells. Deletion of 12 aa (aa) at the carboxyl-terminal end of receptor (Delta1045-Npra) affected neither ligand-binding efficiency nor cGMP production. However, deletion of 120 to 170 aa residues (Delta937-Npra, Delta916-Npra, Delta902-Npra, and Delta887-Npra) decreased ligand binding by 16 to 20% and cGMP production by 50 to 90%. Further deletion of 422 aa and 569 aa (Delta635-Npra and Delta488-Npra) reduced ligand binding efficiency by 40% and 90%, respectively. The deletion of 12 aa (Delta1045-Npra) did not affect the internalization of Npra; however, deletions up to 170 aa (Delta937-Npra, Delta916-Npra, Delta887-Npra) reduced the internalization of ligand-receptor complexes by 60%. Cells expressing either full-length (wild-type) Npra or 120 aa deleted receptor (Delta937-Npra) released 40 to 45% (125)I-ANP radioactivity into culture medium, but only 10 to 15% radioactivity was released from the cells that expressed Delta635-Npra. Furthermore, 35 to 40% (125)I-ANP radioactivity was detected into the intracellular compartments of cells that expressed the wild-type Npra, and only 5 to 10% (125)I-ANP radioactivity was observed in cells expressing the Delta635-Npra (-422 aa) or Delta488-Npra (-569 aa) mutant receptors. These results show that specific regions within the intracellular domains of Npra determine the extent of ligand-binding efficiency, cGMP production, endocytosis, and intracellular sequestration of ligand-receptor complexes in cDNA expressing COS-7 cells.