+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Hantavirus in human and rodent populations in an endemic area for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Argentina

Hantavirus in human and rodent populations in an endemic area for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Argentina

Medicina (Buenos Aires) 62(1): 1-8

This paper analyzed the prevalence and distribution of serological reactivity to hantavirus (antibody against ANDES virus) of human population exposed to hantavirus and rodents trapped in the studied area. This study was developed in Salta (Oran and San Martin Departments), area with the highest incidence for Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) in Argentina. In December 1997, 453 healthy people were studied by serology and 39 rodents by serology and PCR. The studied individuals were distributed as: 145 farm inhabitants (FI), 212 people living in the same dwelling with healthy individuals (controls) (Cco), 87 people living in the same dwelling with persons undergoing SPH in 1997 (cases) (Cca). Moreover, 19 physicians and nurses who cared for patients with SPH in 1997 were also studied. The prevalence of hantavirus infection among the studied population was 6.3%. The prevalence was 10.3% among FI, 6.9% among Cca and 3.3% among Cco (p<0.02). There was no serological reactivity among PS. The prevalence in 39 trapped rodents was 10.2%, with infection only for Oligoryzomys chacoensis, O. flavescens and Akodon varius species. The prevalence of human cases with asymptomatic infection in Salta is higher than in other regions of the country, and we are presenting a hypothesis to explain these differences. The analyzed data suggest that in this region up to the time this study was performed, there would not have been person to person transmission of hantavirus. The transmission would be from rodent contact exclusively and mainly in ongoing deforestation areas and domestic habitat surrounding rural dwellings.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 035015799

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11965841

Related references

Epidemiologic linkage of rodent and human hantavirus genomic sequences in case investigations of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Journal of Infectious Diseases 173(4): 781-786, 1996

Time to revise the paradigm of hantavirus syndromes? Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome caused by European hantavirus. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 30(5): 685-690, 2011

An unusual hantavirus outbreak in southern Argentina: person-to-person transmission? Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Study Group for Patagonia. Emerging Infectious Diseases 3(2): 171-174, 1997

Characterization of human antibody responses to four corners hantavirus infections among patients with hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Journal of Virology 68(5): 3000-3006, 1994

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in a highly endemic area of Brazil. Epidemiology and Infection 144(5): 1096-1106, 2016

Prevalence of infection with hantavirus in rodent populations of central Argentina. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 98(6): 727-732, 2003

Hantavirus ecology in rodent populations in three protected areas of Argentina. Tropical Medicine and International Health 16(10): 1342-1352, 2012

Genetic characterization of hantaviruses associated with sigmodontine rodents in an endemic area for hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in southern Brazil. Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 11(3): 301-314, 2014

Epidemiologic linkage of rodent and human viral sequences in cases of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology 96(0): 23, 1996

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, renal insufficiency, and myositis associated with infection by Bayou hantavirus. Clinical Infectious Diseases 23(3): 495-500, 1996

RIBA hantavirus strip immunoblot assay for rapid diagnosis of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology 96(0): 292, 1996

Hantavirus antibodies in rodents and human cases with pulmonary syndrome, Rio Negro, Argentina. Medicina 68(5): 373-379, 2008

Phylogenetically distinct hantavirus implicated in a case of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in the northeastern United States. Journal Of Medical Virology. 46(1): 21-27, 1995

Rodent Abundance and Hantavirus Infection in Protected Area, East-Central Argentina. Emerging Infectious Diseases 24(1): 131-134, 2018

Spectrum of hantavirus infection: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Annual Review of Medicine 50: 531-545, 1999