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Inhibition of synaptosomal [3H]glutamate uptake and [3H]glutamate binding to plasma membranes from brain of young rats by glutaric acid in vitro

Inhibition of synaptosomal [3H]glutamate uptake and [3H]glutamate binding to plasma membranes from brain of young rats by glutaric acid in vitro

Journal of the Neurological Sciences 173(2): 93-96

ISSN/ISBN: 0022-510X

PMID: 10675650

DOI: 10.1016/s0022-510x(99)00307-x

Synaptosomes and plasma membrane preparations from brain of 30-day-old rats were incubated with glutaric acid at final concentrations ranging from 10 nM to 1 mM for the determination of glutamate uptake and binding, respectively. (3H)Glutamate uptake into synaptosomes was inhibited by approximately 50% by 1 mM glutaric acid, corresponding to the concentration found in the brain of glutaric acidemic children. In addition, in the presence of extracellular Na+ concentrations, the same dose of glutaric acid decreased by about 30% (3H)glutamate binding to brain plasma membranes. The results indicate that the inhibition of both glutamate uptake into synaptosomes and glutamate binding to plasma synaptic membranes by the metabolite could result in elevated concentrations of the excitatory neurotransmitter in the synaptic cleft, potentially causing excitotoxicity to neural cells, a fact that may be related to the brain damage characteristic of glutaric acidemia type I.

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Accession: 035143851

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