Mutation induction and neoplastic transformation in human and human-hamster hybrid cells: dependence on photon energy and modulation in the low-dose range

Frankenberg, D.; Frankenberg-Schwager, M.; Garg, I.; Pralle, E.; Uthe, D.; Greve, B.; Severin, E.; Göhde, W.

Journal of Radiological Protection Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection 22(3a): A17-A20


ISSN/ISBN: 0952-4746
PMID: 12400941
DOI: 10.1088/0952-4746/22/3a/303
Accession: 035357356

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Mutation induction in the HPRT gene of human fibroblasts after irradiation with mammography-like 29 kVp or 200 kVp x-rays shows radiohypersensitivity for doses smaller than approximately 0.5 Gy. Similarly, mutation induction in the CD 59 gene on human chromosome 11 in A(L) cells shows radiohypersensitivity for doses smaller than approximately 0.5 Gy after exposure to 200 kVp x-rays, but not after irradiation with low-filtered 30 kVp x-rays. The RBE values of 29 and 30 kVp x-rays relative to 200 kVp x-rays are strongly dose dependent. For neoplastic transformation of human hybrid (CGL1) cells after irradiation with 29 or 200 kVp x-rays or 60Co gamma rays a linear-quadratic dose relationship was observed with RBE values of approximately four and eight for mammography relative to 200 kVp x-rays and 60Co gamma rays, respectively.