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Risk analysis for latent infection of prunes by Monilinia fructicola

Risk analysis for latent infection of prunes by Monilinia fructicola

Phytopathology 91(6 Suppl): S56

ISSN/ISBN: 0031-949X

Experiments were conducted in three prune orchards in California. Inoculations of prune bloom and fruit with Monilinia fructicola, were performed at different bloom and fruit developmental stages. Four inoculum densities (ID) and six wetness durations (WD) were created for each stage. The overnight freezing incubation technique was used to determine the incidence of latent infection (ILI) of fruit brown rot. Seasonal patterns of fruit susceptibility to infection were determined. Moderate infection levels occurred at bloom stage. The fruit susceptibility to infection increased after bloom stage reaching to the maximum ILI at about pit hardening stage, decreased reaching to the lowest level at embryo growth, and increased again along with fruit maturity until harvest. Linear relationships between ILI and ID and exponential relationships between ILI and WD were obtained for most treatments. Seasonal patterns of risky WD were determined. Risks of latent infection were estimated for ten locations of California. Consistency between predicted risk of latent infection and observed incidence of fruit brown rot was obtained.

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Accession: 035671928

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