Structure of the gut contents of Trichogramma australicum Girault larvae fixed in situ in eggs of its host Helicoverpa armigera
Jarjees, E.A.; Merritt, D.J.
Australian Journal of Entomology 42(2): 203-209, 29 April
ISSN/ISBN: 1326-6756 Accession: 035780845
Trichogramma australicum larvae develop most rapidly in younger eggs of its host, the pest lepidopteran Helicoverpa armigera. To establish how the developmental stage of the host affects the diet of T. australicum, larvae were fixed in situ in eggs of H. armigera of different ages and the structure of the egg contents and parasitoid gut contents examined histologically. Larvae feeding on newly laid host eggs contain primarily yolk particles in their gut, while larvae feeding on older hosts contain necrotic cells and yolk particles. The gut of T. australicum larvae does not contain organised tissue remnants, indicating that larvae feed primarily by sucking food into their pharynx and feed best on a mixture of particulate semisolids in a liquid matrix. Secretory structures of T. australicum larvae that could be involved in modifying the host environment were examined. The hindgut is modified to form an anal vesicle with a number of attributes suggesting that it may be a specialised secretory structure. The paired salivary glands open to the exterior via a common duct.