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The role of the immune response against tissue transglutaminase in the pathogenesis of coeliac disease



The role of the immune response against tissue transglutaminase in the pathogenesis of coeliac disease



Autoimmunity Reviews 3(2): 13-20



The development of autoimmunity to tissue transglutaminase (TGase 2) is a striking feature of coeliac disease, an enteropathy that develops in genetically susceptible individuals upon exposure to dietary gluten. IgA anti-TGase 2 autoantibodies are present in at least 98% of coeliac patients on a gluten-containing diet and provide a valuable tool for the diagnosis of the disorder. During disease development, the formation of TGase 2-gliadin complexes through TGase 2 activity appears to be central for B-cell epitope spreading from gliadin to TGase 2. However, the potential role of an immune response against TGase 2 in the pathogenesis of coeliac disease and for the development of the intestinal lesion remains unclear. Recently, an inhibitory effect of anti-TGase 2 autoantibodies from coeliac patients on TGase 2 activity in vitro has been described. Here, we report that a cellular and humoral response against TGase 2 can be induced in TGase 2 (-/-) and wildtype mice on a C57BL/6 background by s.c. immunization with human recombinant or guinea pig TGase 2 in complete Freund's adjuvant. Immunized wildtype, but not TGase 2 (-/-) mice develop periductal lymphocytic infiltrates in lacrimal glands. Although no intestinal lesions were found, this observation lends support to the concept that the development of autoimmunity against TGase 2 is a pathological event that might ultimately lead to organ damage.

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Accession: 035931331

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 15003183

DOI: 10.1016/s1568-9972(03)00054-5


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