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Trends in Snacking and preparing food away from home among Chinese children and adolescences aged 6-18 in year 1991, 1997



Trends in Snacking and preparing food away from home among Chinese children and adolescences aged 6-18 in year 1991, 1997



FASEB Journal 18(4-5): Abst 137 2



Introduction: The rapid changes occurring in dietary behavior in China provide a basis for exploring if behavioral changes common in the West are occurring among Chinese children and adolescents.Objective: To exam recent trends in snacking and outside-prepared-food-consuming behavior for Chinese children and adolescents in 1991 and 1997. Method: The sample consists of 3182 subjects aged 6-18 in 1991 and 2811 in 1997 from CHNS. 3 days of 24hr recall dietary data were used. Per capital income deflated to 1989 is used. Results: Trends in snacking behavior were linked with income. Overall, the % who snacked was lower in 1997 (11.4%) than 13.1% in 1991. The trends showed an increase in snacking among the highest income tertile and a decrease among the lowest tertile in both 6-11 and 12-18 age groups. Among snackers, per capita energy intake (EI) increased. The % who consumed food prepared outside (FPO) decreased, but EI from FPO increased between 1991 and 1997 for both age groups. Higher income is associated with increased % of FPO consumers between 1991 and 1997. Among the small % of subjects eating FPO, over 1/4 of all calories come from it.Conclusion:Snacking and away from home preparation varied by income in important and interesting ways. Supported by NIH (R01-HD30880 and R01-HD38700). .

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