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Tri-iodothyronine differentially induces Kupffer cell ED1/ED2 subpopulations

Tri-iodothyronine differentially induces Kupffer cell ED1/ED2 subpopulations

Molecular Aspects of Medicine 25(1-2): 183-190

Thyroid calorigenesis is carried out by activation of cytochrome-c oxidase, as well as by induction of mitochondrial and nuclear genes that code for cell respiratory apparatus components and uncoupling proteins. These effects operate increments in basal metabolic rate and also lead to increased production of oxygen and nitrogen reactive species in liver parenchymal cells. The hepatic antioxidant system is also compromised, since superoxide dismutase and catalase activities, glutathione content and lipid soluble antioxidants are reduced. Liver macrophages contribute to the hepatic oxidative stress observed in T(3)-treated rats, and both Kupffer cell hyperplasia and hypertrophy are reported. Kupffer cells constitute the main fixed macrophage population in the body and are a heterogeneous group of cells, derived from a less numerous population of local precursors, which are morphologically fairly distinguishable from the mature lineage elements. ED1 and ED2 antigens have been particularly useful in the characterization of Kupffer cell subpopulations. In particular, antibodies against these antigens provided evidence that T(3)- induced Kupffer cell hyperplasia causes a shift on liver macrophage population phenotype, leaning towards younger cell types. Despite the fact that sinusoidal environment itself stimulates the proliferation of macrophage precursors and their differentiation into Kupffer cells, increased Kupffer cell turnover rates modify the sinusoidal environment and may imply further functional effects. Thus, Kupffer cell hyperplasia secondary to increased T(3) levels is potentially a pro-inflammatory event, which involves both, the expansion of Kupffer cell precursor population by means of circulating monocyte recruitment, and the differentiation of preexisting local Kupffer cell precursors into mature liver macrophages.

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Accession: 035985787

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PMID: 15051326

DOI: 10.1016/j.mam.2004.02.018

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