Effect of agitation rate on ethanol production from sugar maple hemicellulosic hydrolysate by Pichia stipitis

Shupe, A.M.; Liu, S.

Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 168(1): 29-36

2012


ISSN/ISBN: 0273-2289
PMID: 21603950
DOI: 10.1007/s12010-011-9285-0
Accession: 036100275

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Abstract
Concentrated dilute acid hydrolysate was obtained from hot water extracts of Acer saccharum (sugar maple) and was fermented to ethanol by Pichia stipitis in a 1.3-L-benchtop bioreactor. The conditions under which the highest ethanol yield was achieved were when the air flow rate was set to 100 cm(3) and the agitation rate was set to 150 rpm resulting in an overall mass transfer coefficient (K(L)a) of 0.108 min(-1). A maximum ethanol concentration of 29.7 g/L was achieved after 120 h of fermentation; however, after 90 h of fermentation, the ethanol concentration was only slightly lower at 29.1 g/L with a yield of 0.39 g ethanol per gram of sugar consumed. Using the same air flow rate and adjusting the agitation rate resulted in lower ethanol yields of 0.25 g/g at 50 rpm and 0.30 g/g at 300 rpm. The time it takes to reach the maximum ethanol concentration was also affected by the agitation rate. The ethanol concentration continued to increase even after 130 h of fermentation when the agitation rate was set at 50 rpm, whereas the maximum ethanol concentration was reached after only 68.5 h at 300 rpm.

Effect of agitation rate on ethanol production from sugar maple hemicellulosic hydrolysate by Pichia stipitis