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Enhanced dissolution and bioavailability of biochanin a via the preparation of solid dispersion: in vitro and in vivo evaluation

Han, H.-K.; Lee, B.-J.; Lee, H.-K.

International Journal of Pharmaceutics 415(1-2): 89-94

2011


ISSN/ISBN: 1873-3476
PMID: 21645596
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2011.05.055
Accession: 036105046

The present study aimed to improve the bioavailability of biochanin A, a poorly soluble bioflavonoid, via the preparation of solid dispersion (SD) using Solutol HS15 and HPMC 2910. Solubility of biochanin A was enhanced by 8-60 folds as the drug-carrier ratio was increased in SDs. Furthermore, compared to pure biochanin A or physical mixture (PM), SDs significantly improved the dissolution rate and the extent of drug release. Particularly, SDs (Drug:Solutol HS15:HPMC 2910=1:5:5 or 1:10:10) achieved the rapid and complete drug release (approximately 100% within 1h) at pH 6.8. The XRD patterns indicated that SDs might enhance the solubility of biochanin A by changing the drug crystallinity to amorphous state in addition to the solubilizing effect of hydrophilic carriers. The improved dissolution of biochanin A via SD formulation appeared to be well correlated with the enhanced oral exposure of biochanin A in rats. After an oral administration of SD (Drug:Solutol HS15:HPMC 2910=1:10:10), C(max) and AUC of biochanin A were increased by approximately 13 and 5 folds, respectively, implying that SDs could be effective to improve the bioavailability of biochanin A. In conclusion, solid dispersion with Solutol HS15 and HPMC 2910 appeared to be promising to improve the dissolution and oral exposure of biochanin A.

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