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Physical and chemical characterization of Ceratonia siliqua L germplasm in Turkey



Physical and chemical characterization of Ceratonia siliqua L germplasm in Turkey



Scientia Horticulturae 129(4): 0-589



Carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) is natively grown in the coastal areas of the Aegean and Mediterranean region in Turkey. The main carob growing areas (Mediterranean and Aegean) were surveyed and a total 7 promising wild and grafted carob genotypes were selected based on physical and chemical pod properties. Preliminary results showed that Turkey has very rich carob genetic resources containing considerable variations for most of the pod traits. In general, wild carob had smaller pods than the grafted ones. Pod mass ranged from 29.16g to 12.28g in the wild genotypes and 71.71g to 147.91g in the grafted genotypes with an. Highlights: A wide number of wild and grafted carob genotypes from Turkey evaluated Physically and chemically. Principle coordinate analysis effectively separated wild and grafted genotypes. Wild genotypes showed higher diversity. Grafted genotypes had higher pod sizes and soluble solid contents. suggested that Turkey is very rich for carob genetic resources for future breeding efforts.

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Accession: 036129574

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DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2011.04.029


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