+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

The impact of voluntary health insurance on health care utilization and out-of-pocket payments: new evidence for Vietnam



The impact of voluntary health insurance on health care utilization and out-of-pocket payments: new evidence for Vietnam



Health Economics 21(8): 946-966



Vietnam aims to achieve full coverage of health insurance in 2015. An increasing type of health insurance in Vietnam is voluntary health insurance. Although there are many studies on the implementation of voluntary health insurance in Vietnam, little is known on the causal impact of voluntary health insurance. This paper measures the impact of voluntary health insurance on health care utilization and out-of-pocket payments using Vietnam Household Living Standard Surveys in 2004 and 2006. It was found out that voluntary health insurance helps the insured people increase the annual outpatient and inpatient visits by around 45% and 70%, respectively. However, the effect of voluntary health insurance on out-of-pocket expenses on health care services is not statistically significant.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 036155949

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 21780239

DOI: 10.1002/hec.1768


Related references

Analysis of the distributional impact of out-of-pocket health payments: evidence from a public health insurance program for the poor in Mexico. Journal of Health Economics 30(4): 707-718, 2011

The impact of out-of-pocket payments on health care inequity: the case of national health insurance in South Korea. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11(7): 7304-7318, 2014

Out of pocket payments and social health insurance for private hospital care: Evidence from Greece. Health Policy 120(8): 948-959, 2016

Uptake of voluntary health insurance and its impact on health care utilization in Ghana. Health Policy and Planning 33(7): 861-869, 2018

Out-of-pocket payments and utilization of health care services in Albania: evidence from three districts. Health Policy 75(1): 18-39, 2005

Health Insurance Cards and Health Care Services Utilization: Evidence From Children in Mountainous Regions of Vietnam. Global Pediatric Health 6: 2333794x19843917, 2019

Disease-specific impoverishment impact of out-of-pocket payments for health care: evidence from rural Bangladesh. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy 12(4): 421-433, 2014

The impact of public voluntary health insurance on private health expenditures in Vietnam. Social Science and Medicine 56(2): 333-342, 2003

The impact of health insurance on maternal health care utilization: evidence from Ghana, Indonesia and Rwanda. Health Policy and Planning 32(3): 366-375, 2017

The impact of health insurance on health services utilization and health outcomes in Vietnam. Health Economics Policy and Law 9(4): 359-382, 2014

Associations of lack of voluntary private insurance and out-of-pocket expenditures with health inequalities. Evidence from an international longitudinal survey in countries with universal health coverage. Plos one 13(10): E0204666, 2018

Impact of health insurance on health care treatment and cost in Vietnam: a health capability approach to financial protection. American Journal of Public Health 102(8): 1450-1461, 2012

Does health insurance coverage or improved quality protect better against out-of-pocket payments? Experimental evidence from the Philippines. Social Science and Medicine 204: 51-58, 2018

Can rural health insurance improve equity in health care utilization? A comparison between China and Vietnam. International Journal for Equity in Health 11: 10, 2012

Demand for voluntary health insurance in developing countries: the case of Vietnam's school-age children and adolescent student health insurance program. Social Science and Medicine 71(12): 2074-2082, 2010