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Lipid evaluation of cultivated and wild carob Ceratonia siliqua L seed oil growing in Turkey



Lipid evaluation of cultivated and wild carob Ceratonia siliqua L seed oil growing in Turkey



Scientia Horticulturae 130(1): 0-184



Studies were carried out on the oil content, fatty acids, tocopherols and sterols in the seeds of two carobs (Ceratonia siliqua), cultivated and wild, from Turkey. The oil yields of cultivated and wild carob seeds were established as 1.73 and 1.82% on a dry weight basis, respectively. The main fatty acids in cultivated and wild carob seed oils are linoleic (49.1% and 51.%), oleic (3.4% and 26.5%), palmitic (1.3% and 12.%) and stearic (3.5% and 4.6%), respectively. Tocopherols and phytosterols are important constituents of the unsaponifiable fraction of several seed oils. The major tocopherol in both seed oils was ?-tocopherol. Highlights: Carob fruits are among the most import tree fruit crops in the Mediterranean countries. They are widely used in the boiled juice pekmez production and powder drinks industry. The seeds of the carob are utilized in food industry for their gum content.

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Accession: 036156802

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DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2011.06.034


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