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Torque distribution influence on tractive efficiency and mobility of off-road wheeled vehicles

Coimbra, Joao Carlos; Pinto, Iraja Damiani; Wurdig, Norma Luiza; Do Carmo, Dermeval Aparecido

Journal of Terramechanics 48(5): 372-383

2011


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-4898
DOI: 10.1016/j.jterra.2011.06.008
Accession: 036156884

Off-road vehicle performance is strongly influenced by the tire-terrain interaction mechanism. Soft soil reduces traction and significantly modifies vehicle handling; therefore tire dynamics plays a strong role in off-road mobility evaluation and needs to be addressed with ad-hoc models. Starting from a semi-empirical tire model based on Bekker Wong theory, this paper, analyzes the performance of a large four wheeled vehicle driving on deformable terrain. A 14 degree of freedom vehicle model is implemented in order to investigate the influence of torque distribution on tractive efficiency through the simulation of front, rear, and all wheel drive configuration. show that optimal. Highlights: A multi-pass capable tire model is implemented in a full vehicle dynamics model. Different soils (sand and loam) and drive configurations are investigated (front, rear, all wheel drive). It is found that tractive efficiency is maximized when torque is biased toward the rear axle. This operational condition helps to minimize slip difference between front and rear axle. Load distribution does not impact significantly tractive efficiency.

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