Section 37
Chapter 36,184

Combined Use of Liquid–Liquid Microextraction and Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Hollow Fiber Microporous Membrane Solid-Phase Microextraction for the Determination of Triazine Herbicides in Water and Milk Samples by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

Wu, C.; Liu, Y.; Wu, Q.; Wang, C.; Wang, Z.

Food Analytical Methods 5(3): 540-550


ISSN/ISBN: 1936-9751
DOI: 10.1007/s12161-011-9280-7
Accession: 036183635

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A simple, efficient and environmentally friendly method for the extraction and determination of five triazine herbicides in water and milk samples was developed by simultaneous liquid liquid microextraction and carbon nanotube reinforced hollow fiber microporous membrane solid-phase microextraction coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography diode array detection. The parameters that affect the extraction efficiencies, including the type and concentration of multi-walled carbon nanotube, type of membrane solvent and desorption solvent, the type and volume of the extraction solvent in sample solution, extraction time and temperature, the pH of sample solution, stirring rate, and ionic strength were investigated and optimized. Under the optimum conditions, the method shows a good linearity within a range of .5 2 ng mL?1 for water samples and 1 2 ng mL?1 for milk samples, with the correlation coefficients (r) varying from .9991 to .9998 and from .9989 to .9994, respectively. The limits of detection were in the range between .8 and .15 ng mL?1 for water samples and .3 and .5 ng mL?1 for milk samples, while the relative standard deviations varied from 4.6% to 6.9% and from 5.3% to 7.7%, respectively. The recoveries of the target analytes at spiking levels of 5. and 5. ng mL?1 were in the range from 86.6% to 16.8% for water samples and from 81.3% to 97.4% for milk samples. The results demonstrated that the developed method was an efficient pretreatment and enrichment procedure for the determination of triazine pesticides in real water and milk samples.

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