Temporal dynamics of coral reef fish communities in Nha Trang Bay marine protected area, South-Central Vietnam

Long Van Nguyen

Environmental Biology of Fishes 93(2): 277-293

2012


ISSN/ISBN: 0378-1909
DOI: 10.1007/s10641-011-9913-0
Accession: 036187350

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Abstract
To improve understanding of reef fish communities of Vietnam s first dedicated marine protected area, visual censuses were conducted seasonally from 23 5 in Nha Trang Bay, south-central Vietnam using SCUBA. from this study show that species richness were usually higher in summer than winter and that decreased from summer to winter in both shallow and deep areas in this MPA, but this apparent decrease was not significant. There were significant variations in density of reef fish communities between seasons with higher densities in summer (from April to September) and lower densities in winter (from October to March). The families contributing most to the higher density during summer in the 3 years were acanthurids, chaetodontids, labrids, pomacentrids, scarids, siganids, pomacanthids and caesionids. The increased density of these families in summer was mostly due to increases of juveniles. Recruitment of acanthurids, chaetodontids, labrids, pomacentrids, scarids and siganids occurred primarily in shallow waters whereas caesionids and pomacanthids were mainly recruiting in deeper areas. There were no differences in spatial variations in both species richness and density within the same time periods over several years.

Temporal dynamics of coral reef fish communities in Nha Trang Bay marine protected area, South-Central Vietnam