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Floristic composition and soil characteristics of tropical freshwater forested wetlands of Veracruz on the coastal plain of the Gulf of Mexico

Floristic composition and soil characteristics of tropical freshwater forested wetlands of Veracruz on the coastal plain of the Gulf of Mexico

Forest Ecology and Management 262(8): 0-1531

We studied the influence of geomorphological setting and soil properties on the vegetation structure, composition and diversity of five forested coastal wetlands in Veracruz on the Gulf of Mexico. These swamps are located on floodplains and in dune depressions. We recorded 19 woody and herbaceous species. The most frequent species were the trees Pachira aquatica, Annona glabra, Diospyros digyna and Ficus insipida subsp. insipida, the lianas Dalbergia brownei and Hippocratea celastroides and the hemi-epiphyte Syngonium podophyllum. The Shannon-H diversity index varied from 2.659 to 3.373, density from 175 to 2289stemsha?1 and basal area from 32.7 to 76.42m2ha?The classification analysis. Highlights: Species composition of tropical forested wetlands was related to geomorphological and soil characteristics. The freshwater forested wetlands were found both in organic and mineral soils. Forested wetlands in floodplains showed higher diversity values and soil salinity decreases diversity. Forested wetlands of floodplains and dune depressions differ in the main water source and nutrients.

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Accession: 036193423

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DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2011.06.053

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