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Bird communities in hemiboreal old-growth forests The roles of food supply, stand structure, and site type



Bird communities in hemiboreal old-growth forests The roles of food supply, stand structure, and site type



Forest Ecology and Management 262(8): 0-1550



Key factors causing the difference of wildlife populations in natural and managed forests are an important field of ecosystem and biodiversity research. To explore the factors contributing to bird-community features in the poorly studied European natural hemiboreal forests, we carried out a comparative study in old-growth and mature stands of five site types in Estonia. The mature stands were of clear-cut origin and managed for timber production. Old-growth hosted both more diverse and more abundant bird communities than mature stands, which does not support the putative old-growth syndrome (high diversity at a low density) described previously in temperate Europe. Site-type. Highlights: Old-growth hosted more diverse and more abundant bird communities than mature stands. That difference can be explained by microhabitat abundance and stand heterogeneity. The availability of snails, rather than of insect food, affected the bird-communities. Timber harvesting caused biotic homogenization of site-type specific bird communities.

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Accession: 036193425

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DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2011.07.002


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