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Short term vs long term test–retest reproducibility ofI-ADAM for the binding of serotonin transporters in the human brain

Short term vs long term test–retest reproducibility ofI-ADAM for the binding of serotonin transporters in the human brain

Previous brain imaging studies have demonstrated a seasonal difference of serotonin transporter (SERT) binding in the human brain. However, the results were somewhat contradictory. We conducted test retest study with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) withI-ADAM as ligand in 28 healthy subjects. Ten of the subjects were studied within 1 month, whereas 18 were randomly assigned to be studied over a period of up to 1 year. The primary measure was the specific uptake ratio (SUR). Regions of interest included the midbrain, thalamus, putamen and caudate. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was .52 .94 across different brain regions over 1 month, whereas the ICC was - .24 .63 over a 1 -year period. The 1 -month variability ranged from 6.5 5.1% to 12.5 1.6% across different brain regions, and the 1 -year variability ranged from 16.5 9.6% to 41.9 35.5%. The Kruskal Wallis test revealed a significant difference of variability across months. The Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test showed the SUR between test-retest scans was of borderline significance. Curve fitting, using a 4th degree polynomial model, revealed a significant circadian correlation between the variability and interval of test-retest measurements. Our findings demonstrate the test retest reproducibility ofI-ADAM in different time periods and suggest that circadian variation of SERT levels in the human brain might exist.

Accession: 036256473

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