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Renal perfusion 3-T MR imaging: a comparative study of arterial spin labeling and dynamic contrast-enhanced techniques

Renal perfusion 3-T MR imaging: a comparative study of arterial spin labeling and dynamic contrast-enhanced techniques

Radiology 261(3): 845-853

To investigate the feasibility of and correlation between arterial spin-labeling (ASL) and dynamic contrast material-enhanced (DCE) 3-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the measurement of renal blood flow (RBF). The review board approved this study. Nineteen healthy volunteers (seven women, 12 men; age range, 25-68 years) were recruited, and each provided written informed consent. MR imaging was performed with a 3-T whole-body system. Each subject underwent back-to-back ASL and DCE MR imaging. Ten runs of ASL imaging were performed by using the pseudocontinuous tagging scheme, and each run required an 18-second breath hold. For DCE imaging, a gadopentetate dimeglumine bolus (0.0125 mmol per kilogram of body weight) was administrated intravenously in all subjects except two; in the latter subjects, a 0.025 mmol/kg gadopentetate dimeglumine bolus was administered to evaluate the T1 saturation effect. RBF was quantified with both techniques and in both the cortex and the medulla. Agreement was evaluated for RBF measurements obtained with ASL imaging and those obtained with DCE imaging by using correlation analysis. RBF was apparently overestimated with 0.025 mmol/kg gadopentetate dimeglumine, which is a concentration that is commonly adopted for 1.5-T DCE. RBF was 227 mL/100 mL/min ± 30 (standard deviation) in the cortex and 101 mL/100 mL/min ± 21 in the medulla, as measured with ASL imaging, and 272 mL/100 mL/min ± 60 in the cortex and 122 mL/100 mL/min ± 30 in the medulla, as measured with DCE imaging. In the cortex, measurements obtained with ASL and DCE imaging exhibited a linear correlation (r = 0.66; statistical power, 0.8 at the 5% significance level) and fair agreement (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.41). ASL and DCE 3-T MR imaging are feasible in the quantification of cortical renal perfusion, yielding measurements that are correlated but not entirely comparable. Intermodality differences have yet to be solved.

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Accession: 036261536

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PMID: 22095996

DOI: 10.1148/radiol.11110668

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