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Characteristics of protection by MgADP and MgATP of α3β3γ subcomplex of thermophilic Bacillus PS3 βY341W-mutant F1-ATPase from inhibition by 7-chloro-4-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole support a bi-site mechanism of catalysis


Characteristics of protection by MgADP and MgATP of α3β3γ subcomplex of thermophilic Bacillus PS3 βY341W-mutant F1-ATPase from inhibition by 7-chloro-4-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole support a bi-site mechanism of catalysis



Biochemistry. Biokhimiia 76(11): 1253-1261



ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2979

PMID: 22117552

DOI: 10.1134/s0006297911110071

MgADP and MgATP binding to catalytic sites of βY341W-α(3)β(3)γ subcomplex of F(1)-ATPase from thermophilic Bacillus PS3 has been assessed using their effect on the enzyme inhibition by 7-chloro-4-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazole (NBD-Cl). It was assumed that NBD-Cl can inhibit only when catalytic sites are empty, and inhibition is prevented if a catalytic site is occupied with a nucleotide. In the absence of an activator, MgADP and MgATP protect βY341W-α(3)β(3)γ subcomplex from inhibition by NBD-Cl by binding to two catalytic sites with an affinity of 37 µM and 12 mM, and 46 µM and 15 mM, respectively. In the presence of an activator lauryldimethylamine-N-oxide (LDAO), MgADP protects βY341W-α(3)β(3)γ subcomplex from inhibition by NBD-Cl by binding to a catalytic site with a K(d) of 12 mM. Nucleotide binding to a catalytic site with affinity in the millimolar range has not been previously revealed in the fluorescence quenching experiments with βY341W-α(3)β(3)γ subcomplex. In the presence of activators LDAO or selenite, MgATP protects βY341W-α(3)β(3)γ subcomplex from inhibition by NBD-Cl only partially, and the enzyme remains sensitive to inhibition by NBD-Cl even at MgATP concentrations that are saturating for ATPase activity. The results support a bi-site mechanism of catalysis by F(1)-ATPases.

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