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Influence of tooth mobility on critical stresses in all-ceramic inlay-retained fixed dental prostheses: a finite element study

Influence of tooth mobility on critical stresses in all-ceramic inlay-retained fixed dental prostheses: a finite element study

Dental Materials 28(2): 146-151

Inlay-retained fixed partial dentures are conservative prosthetic restorations. Their failure resistance is influenced by the stress distribution that depends on the material properties as well as the loading conditions. Finite element analysis provides the ability to estimate the loading capacity by simulating the stress distribution in all-ceramic dental restorations. The null-hypothesis of this study was that tooth mobility or tooth bearing condition significantly influences the stress distribution and therefore the failure resistance of all-ceramic inlay-retained fixed dental prostheses. Therefore, the stress distribution under different loading and bearing conditions of the teeth was analyzed using the finite element method. Three different bearing conditions, one fixed and two flexible were chosen to simulate tooth mobility. The flexible models were constrained with spring elements to a virtual center of rotation. In addition, loading conditions were varied. The influence of tooth mobility on the stress distribution depended on the degree of modeled tooth mobility, as well as the loading conditions. The maximum first principal stresses differed significantly in magnitude and location depending on the modeled bearing condition and the simulated load case. The maximum difference between fixed and flexible model was more than 100%. Tooth mobility and occlusal loading conditions have to be considered in finite element analyses as the simulated stress distribution is strongly influenced by these factors.

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Accession: 036266882

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22104732

DOI: 10.1016/j.dental.2011.10.013

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