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Nutrient detection by incretin hormone secreting cells



Nutrient detection by incretin hormone secreting cells



Physiology and Behavior 106(3): 387-393



The hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulintropic polypeptide (GIP) are secreted after a meal. Like other enteroendocrine hormones they help to orchestrate the bodies' response to the availability of newly absorbable nutrients and are noteworthy as they stimulate postprandial insulin secretion, underlying what is known as the incretin effect. GLP-1-mimetics are now widely used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and advantages over older insulinotropic therapies include weight loss. An alternative treatment regime might be the recruitment of endogenous GLP-1, however, very little is known about the physiological control of enteroendocrine responses. This review focuses on the molecular mechanisms to detect nutrient arrival in the gut that have been implicated within the incretin secreting cells.

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Accession: 036286177

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 22182802

DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2011.12.001


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