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Carbon balance in a cool–temperate deciduous forest in northern Japan seasonal and interannual variations, and environmental controls of its annual balance



Carbon balance in a cool–temperate deciduous forest in northern Japan seasonal and interannual variations, and environmental controls of its annual balance



Journal of Forest Research 17(3): 253-267



We monitored variation in seasonal and annual net ecosystem production (NEP), gross primary production (GPP), and ecosystem respiration (RE) based on 7-year eddy covariance measurements above a cool temperate deciduous broad-leaved forest (Japanese beech forest). The 7-year means ( SD) of annual NEP, GPP, and RE were 312 64, 125 62, and 938 36 g C m?2 year?1, respectively. Variation in NEP was much larger than variation in GPP and RE. During the growing season, the main factor controlling carbon balance was air temperature; variation in seasonal integrated NEP was regulated by accumulated air temperature (degree-day) with a significant negative correlation, whereas the seasonal ratio of RE to GPP was correlated positively with accumulated air temperature. Because the deviation of seasonal NEP was also significantly correlated with seasonal RE/GPP, NEP was controlled by RE/GPP, depending on air temperature during the growing season. Seasonal RE in the defoliation and snow seasons was also important for evaluating the annual carbon balance, because the total number of days in the two seasons was quite large owing to a long snowy winter. In the defoliation and snow seasons, we found defoliation season length was a major factor determining seasonal integrated RE, illustrating the positive correlation between RE and defoliation season length. The major factors controlling interannual variations in forest carbon balance are discussed.

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Accession: 036297309

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DOI: 10.1007/s10310-011-0298-x


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