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Influenza viruses and cross-reactivity in healthy adults Humoral and cellular immunity induced by seasonal 27/28 influenza vaccination against vaccine antigens and 29 AH1N1 pandemic influenza virus



Influenza viruses and cross-reactivity in healthy adults Humoral and cellular immunity induced by seasonal 27/28 influenza vaccination against vaccine antigens and 29 AH1N1 pandemic influenza virus







We analyzed humoral and cellular immune responses against vaccine antigens and the new A(H1N1) virus in healthy adults before and after immunization with the 27/28 commercially available trivalent subunit MF59-adjuvanted influenza vaccine during the Fall 27, prior to the emergence of the new virus. Antibody titers were significantly boosted only against the three vaccine antigens. Seasonal vaccination boosted pre-existing cellular responses upon stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells not only with the homologous three vaccine antigens, but also with the heterologous new 29 A(H1N1) and with a highly conserved peptide present in the stalk region of hemagglutinin (HA). These results show that cross-reactive cell responses against the new virus were present before the circulation of the virus and were boosted by seasonal vaccination. The cross-reactivity of cellular responses might, at least in part, explain the low pathogenicity of the new pandemic virus. The finding of cellular immunity, that can be increased by seasonal vaccination, against the conserved HA peptide, underline the potential use, in human vaccines, of conserved peptides of the stalk region of HA characterized by broad immunogenicity in experimental systems.Humoral and cellular immune responses after seasonal 27/28 influenza vaccination. Significant homologous humoral and cellular immunity induced against vaccine antigens. Cross-reactive cellular responses, but not humoral against new pandemic virus..

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