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Changes in serum pregnancy-associated glycoprotein, pregnancy-specific protein B, and progesterone concentrations before and after induction of pregnancy loss in lactating dairy cows



Changes in serum pregnancy-associated glycoprotein, pregnancy-specific protein B, and progesterone concentrations before and after induction of pregnancy loss in lactating dairy cows



Journal of Dairy Science 95(2): 683-697



Lactating crossbred dairy cows were synchronized to receive a timed artificial insemination (TAI), and blood samples were collected from all cows from TAI until pregnancy diagnosis 39 d after TAI (period 1), and from pregnant cows from onset of treatment until the end of the experiment (period 2). Cows diagnosed pregnant 39 d after TAI were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments to receive (1) an i.m. injection of saline (CON, n=10); (2) an i.m. injection of PGF(2α) (PGF, n=10); or (3) an intrauterine infusion of 120 mL of hypertonic saline (INF, n=9). During period 1, serum pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) concentrations began to increase in pregnant cows by 25 d after TAI and differed from those in nonpregnant cows by 27 d after TAI, whereas serum pregnancy-specific protein B (PSPB) concentrations in pregnant cows differed from those in nonpregnant cows by 22 d after TAI. During period 2, time from treatment to cessation of the embryonic heartbeat was greater for PGF than for INF cows (36.0±5.7 vs. 0.2±0.1 h, respectively), and time from treatment to conceptus disappearance was greater for INF than for PGF cows (7.1±3.3 vs. 1.9±0.3 d, respectively). Overall, progesterone concentration was greater for CON and INF than for PGF cows (8.7±2.8, 8.2±3.1, and 1.0±2.3 ng/mL, respectively) due to luteal regression for PGF cows and corpus luteum maintenance for CON and INF cows. Serum PAG and PSPB concentrations differed among CON cows and PGF and INF cows beginning 1 and 2.5 d after treatment for PAG and PSPB, respectively. By 9.5 d after treatment, PAG and PSPB concentrations were similar to those of nonpregnant cows. We conclude that although timing of conceptus expulsion occurred 5.2 d later for INF than for PGF cows, serum PAG and PSPB concentrations decreased at a similar rate from the onset of treatment for both models of pregnancy loss evaluated.

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Accession: 036321872

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PMID: 22281333

DOI: 10.3168/jds.2011-4609


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