An evaluation of a worksite exercise intervention using the social cognitive theory A pilot study
Amaya, M.; Petosa, R.
Health Education Journal 71(2): 133-143
ISSN/ISBN: 0017-8969 DOI: 10.1177/0017896911409731
To increase exercise adherence among insufficiently active adult employees. A quasi-experimental separate samples pre-test–post-test group design was used to compare treatment and comparison group. The worksite. Subjects: Employees (n = 127) who did not meet current American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommendations for exercise. Intervention: An eight-week educational programme targeting the social cognitive theory constructs. Measures: Free-living exercise, self-regulation, self-efficacy, social support, and outcome expectations and expectancies. Measurement was at pre-test, post-test, one month and three months post-intervention. Analysis: One-way analysis of variance. The treatment group reported important increases in exercise and mediators of exercise. There was a significant difference between groups for moderate intensity exercise and vigorous intensity exercise at post-test and follow-up (p = .1). There was a significant difference between groups for self-regulation at post-test and follow-up (p = .1). There was not a significant difference between groups for self-efficacy or outcome expectancies. Family and friend social support group differences were non-significant at post-test and one-month follow-up, but was significant difference at three-month follow-up (p = .1). Outcome expectations and expectancies were non-significant at all time periods. The educational intervention was effective in increasing the exercise rates of employees at the worksite.