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Thermal behaviors and transitions of wood detected by temperature-modulated differential scanning calorimetry



Thermal behaviors and transitions of wood detected by temperature-modulated differential scanning calorimetry



Journal of Wood Science 58(4): 300-308



The thermal properties and transitions of solid and ground wood samples conditioned at different humidity conditions were investigated by temperature-modulated differential scanning calorimetry. A time-dependent transition was detected as an endothermic peak in the total and non-reversing heat flows and as a step change in the reversing heat flow during the first heating run of samples with moisture contents above 5 %, but it disappeared in the second heating run. These different thermal behaviors indicate that the effect of heat and moisture on the thermal properties of wood is history dependent. This step change in the reversing heat flow is considered to be a glass transition of moist wood. Other relaxation processes (e.g., enthalpy relaxation) occur simultaneously with this glass transition. The temperature ranges of the transition and the relaxation decreased drastically as the moisture content increased up to 11 %, while they remained almost constant at higher moisture contents. In addition, the transitions of the ground wood occurred at lower temperatures than those of the solid wood at similar moisture contents. Kissinger plots revealed that the apparent activation energy for the glass transition of the solid wood with a moisture content of 11 % was about 6 kJ/mol, whereas that of the ground wood was 22 kJ/mol.

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Accession: 036399665

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

DOI: 10.1007/s10086-012-1259-5


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