EurekaMag.com logo
+ Translate

Approach-related left prefrontal EEG asymmetry predicts muted error-related negativity


, : Approach-related left prefrontal EEG asymmetry predicts muted error-related negativity. Biological Psychology 91(1): 96-102

In two studies, we used electroencephalography (EEG) to test whether approach motivation-related brain activity predicts reduced sensitivity to negative outcomes. In both studies, participants (Study 1, N =26; Study 2, N =56) were first recorded for baseline EEG to measure approach-related left frontal EEG activity. They then completed either the color-naming Stroop task (Study 1) or the Multi-Source Interference Task (Study 2) to measure error-related negativity (ERN), an event-related potential that has been associated aversive motivation and distress. In both studies, higher leftward frontal EEG asymmetry predicted reduced ERN amplitude. Hierarchical regression analyses of the separate frontal nodes that comprise the asymmetry score further showed that left frontal activity predicted reduced ERN amplitude whereas right frontal activity predicted greater ERN amplitude. have implications for understanding emotion and motivation and for understanding the personal resilience associated with approach motivated states. In two studies, we used EEG to test if approach motivation mutes sensitivity to negative stimuli. In both studies, approach-related frontal alpha asymmetry predicted reduced error-related negativity, an event-related potential elicited by error commission. We discuss broad implications for these motivation/emotion systems.

(PDF same-day service: $19.90)

Accession: 036409184

PMID: 22634389

DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2012.05.005

Submit PDF Full Text: Here


Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:
Close
Close

Related references

Hirsh, J.B.; Inzlicht, M., 2010: Error-related negativity predicts academic performance. Activity in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been linked to the processes of error detection and conflict monitoring, along with the subsequent engagement of cognitive-control mechanisms. The error-related negativity (ERN) is an electrophys...

Frank, M.J.; Woroch, B.S.; Curran, T., 2005: Error-related negativity predicts reinforcement learning and conflict biases. The error-related negativity (ERN) is an electrophysiological marker thought to reflect changes in dopamine when participants make errors in cognitive tasks. Our computational model further predicts that larger ERNs should be associated with bette...

Maier, M.; Steinhauser, M.; Hübner, R., 2008: Is the error-related negativity amplitude related to error detectability? Evidence from effects of different error types. The present study tested error detection theories of the error-related negativity (ERN) by investigating the relation between ERN amplitude and error detectability. To this end, ERN amplitudes were compared with a behavioral measure of error detec...

Yu, R.; Zhou, X., 2008: To bet or not to bet? The error negativity or error-related negativity associated with risk-taking choices. The functional significance of error-related negativity (Ne/ERN), which occurs at approximately the same time as erroneous responses, has been investigated extensively using reaction time (RT) tasks. The error detection theory assumes that the Ne/...

Kessel, E.M.; Meyer, A.; Hajcak, G.; Dougherty, L.R.; Torpey-Newman, D.C.; Carlson, G.A.; Klein, D.N., 2016: Transdiagnostic factors and pathways to multifinality: The error-related negativity predicts whether preschool irritability is associated with internalizing versus externalizing symptoms at age 9. NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">There is increasing interest among developmental psychopathologists in broad transdiagnostic factors that give rise to a wide array of clinical presentations (multifinality), but little is known about how thes...

Inzlicht, M.; Al-Khindi, T., 2013: ERN and the placebo: a misattribution approach to studying the arousal properties of the error-related negativity. Performance monitoring in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has largely been viewed as a cognitive, computational process devoid of emotion. A growing body of research, however, suggests that performance is moderated by motivational engagement a...

Maier, M.E.; di Pellegrino, G.; Steinhauser, M., 2012: Enhanced error-related negativity on flanker errors: error expectancy or error significance?. The present study investigated whether the error-related negativity, an electrophysiological marker for performance monitoring, reflects (1) the expectancy of errors, or (2) the significance of errors for the current task goal. In the first case,...

Bates, A.T.; Kiehl, K.A.; Laurens, K.R.; Liddle, P.F., 2002: Error-related negativity and correct response negativity in schizophrenia. Objectives: To examine error-related negativity (ERN) and correct response negativity (CRN) in schizophrenia in light of two previous conflicting reports, and to determine their relation to disorganization, psychomotor poverty and reality distorti...

Bates, A.T.; Kiehl, K.A.; Liddle, P.F., 2000: Abnormal error-related negativity in schizophrenia An event-related potential study. Psychophysiology 37(Supplement 1): S26, August

Santesso, D.L.; Segalowitz, S.J., 2008: The error-related negativity is related to risk taking and empathy in young men. We related self-report measures of risk taking and empathy to the error-related negativity (ERN) elicited during a flanker task in boys in late adolescence. We found that risk propensity (risk taking, sensation seeking, and sensitivity to reward)...